The Senate of the Oliy Majlis of the Republic of Uzbekistan  
 

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The Senate of the Oliy Majlis of the Republic of Uzbekistan as a supreme legislative
body of regional representation

Rules of forming of local Kengashes (Councils) of people’s deputies

The term «Kengash» originates forom an Uzbek verb «kengashmoq» (to confer, gather) and stands for a council, an assembly. Accordingly, a local Kengash of people’s deputies is a council or, an assembly of deputies elected from a certain administrative regional division and representing the interests of inhabitants of a particular district, city or region (province).
Bodies of local legislative branches of power in regions, districts, the city of Tashkent as well as cities subordinate to the region constitute local Kengashes of people’s deputies.
In accordance with Article 99 of the Constitution of the Republic of Uzbekistan, no constituencies are formed in cities subordinate to the region or in districts which are parts of cities, and thus Kengashes cannot be instituted, therefore deputies of Kengashes cannot be elected from such constituencies.
There are 201 local Kengashes of people’s deputies in total in Uzbekistan, 12 of which are Kengashes of people’s deputies of the regions and one Kengash of the city of Tashkent, 159 Kengashes of districts and 29 in the cities subordinate to the respective regions. There is yet another functioning body which is the Djokarghi Kenes (the Supreme Kengash) of Karakalpakstan, which has a different status, and the order of its formation is regulated by a separate act.
A local Kengash of people’s deputies deals with various issues related to political, social and economic, cultural and other spheres of everyday life of a given region, city or a district.
In light of the Law of the Republic of Uzbekistan «On elections to Kengashes of people’s deputies of regions, districts and cities» one can determine the order of formation of local Kengashes of people’s deputies. So, in accordance with this Law, elections to local Kengashes of people’s deputies are held in territorial single-mandate constituencies on a multi-party basis every five years. Deputies of these Kengashes are elected on the basis of general, equal, direct, universal and secret voting.
Only Uzbek citizens aged eighteen by Election Day are entitled to vote. Uzbek citizens an aged twenty one by Election Day and who have lived in Uzbekistan permanently for five consecutive years can stand for election.
The Law determines an equal suffrage for citizens enjoying such rights, and that each voter has only one vote.
Election committees, responsible for transparency, publicity and fairness during the elections are established to undertake the necessary organizational measures for elections to local Kengashes of people’s deputies. The structure of election committees consists of regional,
district, city, county and local election committees.
Election committees inform citizens about its work, the formation of constituencies, electoral districts, the structure of election committees, their location and working hours, explain how voter registration works, publishes a list of political parties participating in elections and makes information about the candidates and the election results public. The order of formation of election committees, their power and also other issues related to their work are specified in the Law.
It is also important to point out that representatives of mass media, observers from political parties, selfgoverned institutions of citizens, initiative groups of electors, who put forward candidates, foreign states, international organizations and movements are entitled to participate in all arrangements related to preparing and holding elections and be present on voting premises on election day as well as while votes are being counted. The order of participation of such observers and their rights are specified in the relative legislation.
The Law also limits the quantity of regional constituencies which can be formed within the territory of a given administrative territorial unit. One deputy is elected from each constituency to a respective Kengash of people’s deputies. No more than sixty constituencies can be formed to hold elections to the Kengashes of people’s deputies of the regions and the city of Tashkent, and no more than thirty constituencies for elections to Kengashes of people’s deputies of districts and other cities. A specific number of constituencies is assigned by the respective Kengashes of people’s deputies depending on the size of the population, voters, territory and other local conditions provided that the above mentioned limits are respected. The constituencies’ borders are defined in view of the administrative-territorial structures of the regions, districts and the cities. It is also necessary to point out that constituencies are divided into respective electoral districts for the maximum convenience of electors.
Information about constituencies, including their complete list, borders and the number of voters is made public the press by a respective election committee not less than seventy five days prior to elections. This is convenient for voters and avoids all sorts of misunderstandings.

In accordance with the Law, political parties, self-governed institutions of citizens and citizens themselves have the right to nominate candidates for local Kengashes of people’s deputies. A candidate nomination procedure and corresponding qualification requirements are specified in the Law.
The Law also contains regulations related to a pre-election campaign. It states that the pre-elections campaign starts from the date of registration of candidates with the respective election committee and can continue until the day before elections. No campaigning is allowed on Election Day. The election campaigns are based on equality, fairness and transparency. The Law does not allow election campaigns to givie gifts, render services (except for information) free-of-charge or on favourable terms as well as making payments to voters that would constitute an abuse of the election process or manipulating and deceiving voters.
In accordance with the Law, all candidates are given a number of privileges with a view to provide them with maximum convenience. They are given paid leave forthe period when they meet voters, make public appearances at meetings, present their programme on TV and radio. As determined by the Law, they are also entitled to free public transport.
It is further stipulated by law that polls (voting) are to be held at specifically allocated premises which should be equipped with a sufficient number of polling-booths and rooms for secret vote. These premises should also have ballot delivery stations as well as ballot-boxes. Local election committees are responsible for equipping the premises, keeping everything in order as well as voter identification.
On Election Day, polling booths are open from 06.00 till 20.00 local time. The local election committee informs voters about the time and the date of voting not later than ten days before elections.
Ballot-boxes are opened by the local election committee after the Chairman of the election committee announces the end of voting. Opening ballot-boxes before the end of voting is strictly forbidden.
The local election committees of each polling district count the votes for each candidate separately in each constituency.
The results of the vote-counting are examined at a meeting of the local election committee and included in the reports on each constituency. The report is signed by the Chairman, vice-chairman, secretary, other members of the election committee and submitted to the respective district’s election committee.
The results of the elections on constituencies are determined purely on the basis of reports submitted by the local election committees.
The results of elections on electoral districts are determined at a session of the election committee and are entered in the report, as stipulated by the Law, which is submitted to the regional, district and city election committees, which in turn summarize the overall results of the elections. The candidate receiving more than half of the votes is considered elected.
One of the most important features of elections to local Kengashes of people’s deputies is that the Law assignes a necessary quorum of voters for elections to be considered valid. In accordance with the Law, elections are not valid if less than thirty three percent of registered voters take part in the elections. Elections at the regional, district, separate district or separate electoral district level may be declared invalid if any infringements influencing the results of the vote have occurred. The decision to declare elections to be valid is made by the respective election committee.
The election committee of the respective region, district or city submit a report on the election results and passes a resolution.
If there are more than two candidates in a constituency and none of them is elected then the district’s election committee makes a decision to hold a second round of voting between the two candidates who won a majority of votes, and informs the corresponding election committee and the constituency. This second round of voting is carried out according to requirements of the Law, i.e. within two-weeks and this time the percentage of voters’ participation is not taken into account.
The candidate who receives the majority of votes in the second round is elected.
Respective election committees of regions, districts and cities register elected deputies based on reports submitted by the election committees of constituencies, and notify them.
The respective election committee publishes the election results in the presswithin ten days, along with a roster of elected deputies in alphabetical order specifying their name and surname, father’s name, date of birth, party membership, occupation, current position, place of residence, number and the name of the constituency.
In accordance with the Law, all expenses incurred preparing and holding elections to local Kengashes of people’s deputies are covered by public funds. Financing candidates or providing any other means ofmaterial support is not allowed.
In its first session, the newly formed local Kengash of people’s deputies elects its chairman, vice-chairman from among elected deputies, sets up necessary commissions, and also deals with other organizational issues to make sure it can do its work properly.

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