The Senate of Uzbekistan’s Oliy Majlis Convenes for Second General Session
The second plenary session of Uzbekistan’s Senate opened on May 15 in the city of Tashkent. It was attended by the invited members of the Cabinet of Ministers, heads of ministries and other government agencies, representatives of other organizations and mass media.
The meeting was led by the Chairman of the Senate of Oliy Majlis Nighmatilla Yuldoshev.
On the first day of the general session of the upper house of the parliament, senators deliberated on 10 issues, including 7 draft laws directed at furthering the socioeconomic and sociopolitical reforms, improving the investment climate, promoting private entrepreneurship, perfecting the judicial and normative sphere, providing for the protection of the health of the population and information security.
During the discussion of issues included in the agenda of the plenary meeting of the Oliy Majlis Senate, members of the upper house of the parliament noted in particular that the passed bills would facilitate the implementation of tasks outlined in the speech of President of the Republic of Uzbekistan Islam Karimov at the first session of the Senate that took place on 22 January 2015 as well as his speeches delivered during the joint session of the Legislative Chamber and Senate of the Oliy Majlis on 23 January 2015 and during the meeting of the Cabinet of Ministers on 16 January earlier this year that was aimed at discussing the outcomes of the socio-economic development of the country in 2014 and the most critical priority dimensions of the economic program for 2015.
The senators started their work from the consideration of the draft Law of the Republic of Uzbekistan on Mandatory Insurance of the Civil Responsibility of the Carrier that was introduced into the lower house of the parliament by the Cabinet of Ministers in order to realize the Resolution of the President of the Republic of Uzbekistan on Priority Directions in the Enhancement of Reforms and the Elevation of Sustainability of the Financial and Banking System of the Republic in 2011-2015, and Achievement of High International Rating Indicators.
It was stressed that the bill is dedicated to replace the law in force, on Mandatory Personal Insurance of Passengers of Air, Rail, Internal Water and Automobile Transport of General Use, and is directed at securing the guarantees of compensation of the damage inflicted on the life, health and/or the property of passengers during haulage by all types of transportation in the territory of the Republic of Uzbekistan by way of conducting compulsory insurance of civil liability of the carrier.
According to senators, adoption of this law would facilitate the development of infrastructure of the insurance market and transport, increase in the quality of services offered, protection of the rights and legitimate interests of citizens, and creation of new jobs. Members of the upper house of the parliament passed the bill.
Then on, the senators discussed the Law of the Republic of Uzbekistan on Securities Market in its new edition that had been introduced by the Cabinet of Ministers of the Republic of Uzbekistan as a legislative initiative. It was underscored that the new provisions of the Law are directed at simplifying and uplifting the effectiveness of normative procedures associated with the emission of securities, including novel financial instruments. It established privileges and preferences during conclusion of deals with securities, envisages organizational and normative mechanisms of the extensive introduction of modern electronic technologies. With the consideration of practice of advanced countries of the world, the bill reviews and defines the requirements to the professional activities in the securities market, the rights and duties of participants of the securities market, as well as conditions and mechanisms of responsibility for the violation of legislation in this field.
As senators put it, the approval of this draft law would facilitate the improvement of the investment climate and business environment in the securities market, quality of services in the exchanges market, growth of the class of property owners and sources of income for the population, as well as the inflow of capital, including foreign investments, for funding investment projects. The law received the approval of senators.
Later on, members of the upper house deliberated on the Law of the Republic of Uzbekistan on Electronic Commerce in its new edition that was introduced by the Cabinet of Ministers as part of the realization of tasks outlined at the Government meeting on January 17, 2014, which was aimed at discussing the outcomes of the socio-economic development of the country in 2013 and the most critical priority dimensions of the economic program for 2014.
During the discussions senators underlined that the law contains a range of important provisions directed at the creation of normative mechanisms of extensive introduction of modern information and communication technologies in electronic trade, at the further simplification of procedures of striking deals, at the securing of legal protection of the rights of participants of electronic commerce.
In the view of senators, the adoption of this law would allow providing for the creation of additional conditions for the development of entrepreneurship and improvement of the business environment, the further perfection of electronic commerce. The bill got approved by the members of the upper house.
The senators discussed and approved the Law of the Republic of Uzbekistan on the Introduction of Amendments and Addenda as Well as Recognition of Some Legislative Acts of the Republic of Uzbekistan as Obsolete, the principal goal of which is to further improve the existing legislation in force in the sociopolitical, socioeconomic and judicial spheres.
During the consideration of the major provisions of the law, senators attached special significance to the addenda to the Law on Local Government that are introduced within the frameworks of the implementation of amendment to Article 103 of the Constitution that stipulates annual hearings of the Kengash (Council) of people’s deputies of the report by the hokim (governor) of the region, district and city on the most important and pressing issues in the socioeconomic development of the territorial unit.
It was noted that the proposed addenda define the normative mechanism of hearing the report of the hokim by the Kengash of people’s representatives at the meeting to discuss the outcomes of socioeconomic development of the territorial entity that is held after corresponding meetings of the Cabinet of Ministers and the regions. Discussion of the report of the region’s hokim and that of the city of Tashkent will be carried out with the account of the assessments and tasks defined at the session of the Cabinet of Ministers, while discussion of the report of the district and city hokim are to be carried out with the consideration of the assessments and tasks defined at the sessions of the Cabinet of Ministers and the Kengashes of people’s representatives of regions.
The senators emphasized the importance of the norms that envisage the participation of representatives of both houses of the parliament and regional Kengashes of people’s deputies in the hearing of reports of regional, district and city hokims, the mechanism of making decisions of the Kengash of people’s representatives, which should contain a comprehensive analysis and evaluation of the effectiveness of the work of the hokim and the local executive branch bodies, recommendations and proposals on its further perfection, as well as measures to ensure oversight of the course of the decision realization.
In the opinion of senators, the addenda being introduced into the Law on Local Government would facilitate the further reinforcement of controlling functions of representative bodies of government, provision for the openness of the activities of local bodies of the executive branch, for a systemic framework during the consideration of important issues of regional development, exclusion of doubling when presenting the reports by hokims, organization of the effective discussion in local communities.
The senators also deliberated on a range of other important amendments and addenda into the existing legislation in force, including the Civil Processing Code, the laws on Prevention of Iodine-Deficit Diseases, on Radio-Frequency Spectrum, on Automobile Transport, which were worked out as part of the realization of the passed laws and resolutions of the President of the country designed to enhancing the perfection of the insurance market, introduction of electronic document processing in the judiciary, ensuring the healthcare of the population and information security.
Further on, the senators discussed and approved laws on the ratification of a number of international agreements dedicated to the further expansion of bilateral cooperation between the Republic of Uzbekistan and the United Arab Emirates.
The members of the upper house also deliberated on the issue of electing U.Muhammadiev as the Authorized Person of the Oliy Majlis of the Republic of Uzbekistan for Human Rights (Ombudsman). A corresponding resolution got approved on this issue.
The first day of the general session of the Senate of the Oliy Majlis of the Republic of Uzbekistan got into its end.
Senate of the Oliy Majlis of the Republic of Uzbekistan