Information on the 10th plenary session of the Senate of the Oliy Majlis
The tenth plenary session of the Senate of the Republic of Uzbekistan opened on 5 December 2012 in Tashkent. The session was attended by invited members of the Cabinet of Ministers, heads of ministries and departments, representatives of other organizations, the mass media. The meeting was chaired by Chairman of the Senate I.Sobirov.
Senators started their work with approving the draft resolution "On amnesty in connection with the twentieth anniversary of the adoption of the Constitution," submitted to the upper house of the parliament by the President of the Republic of Uzbekistan. Senators approved the resolution.
In considering the senators noted that the adoption of the amnesty on the eve of the twentieth anniversary of the adoption of the Constitution is another clear manifestation of humanity of our state, in which human rights and interests are of the highest value, the essence and content of the democratic, political and social and economic reforms.
Resolution of the Senate exempt from punishment of convicts (taking into account prescribed limitations): women, those who were under 18 when committing a crime, as well as men at the age of over 60 and foreign citizens. The Resolution of the Senate envisages several categories of persons to be exempted from punishment, as well a range of people, who will not be covered by the Amnesty Act.
In its decision the Senate determined the order of application of the Resolution of the Senate of the Republic of Uzbekistan "On amnesty in connection with the twentieth anniversary of the adoption of the Constitution," which establishes a procedure for judicial review of cases and materials with respect to persons subject to exemption from punishment under the amnesty act. It also provides for the active participation of senators, deputies of Jokargy Kenes (Supreme Council) of Karakalpakstan, the regional Councils of deputies, regional representatives of the Parliamentary Ombudsman for Human Rights in the implementation of public control over the application of the Amnesty Act, and to ensure transparency of its execution.
The resolution also provides for implementation of a set of measures aimed at social inclusion and protection of persons exempted from punishment, ensuring their registration and employment, placing lone people in need in nursing homes, the juvenile under the supervision of parents, the guardians, directing them in cases of necessity to the appropriate institutions.
Senators also considered and approved the program of job creation and employment in 2013, developed by the Cabinet of Ministers to implement complex and interrelated measures on employment by utilizing the potential of the regions and the sectors of the economy, the rational use of human resources taking into account demographic factors and structural changes in the economy, promoting efficient forms of employment and entrepreneurial initiatives of citizens.
It was noted that the program is designed in line with the Concept of further deepening democratic reforms and formation of civil society in the country, the Anti-crisis program for 2009-2012, the current and future labor market needs. One of the features of the program is that it is designed in layers for regions, districts and cities with the sectoral programs of modernization, technical and technological renewal of production, implementation of active and targeted measures on employment, occupational training and social protection of the vulnerable members of the society.
The programme envisages creation 972,700 jobs in 2013 by commissioning new large industrial facilities, renovation and expansion of existing enterprises, further promoting development of small businesses, private and family businesses, the service sector, in-house labor. A significant part of home-based jobs will be created in the regions, which are the traditional centers of national craftsmanship - Namangan, Ferghana, Andijan, Samarkand, Bukhara regions.
The program also highlights creation of 126,000 jobs (5% increase compared to the last year) in 28 distant districts, mountainous and border areas, where there is a shortage of production and social services, and in parts of the country with higher levels of unemployment. Another priority of the program is the employment of vulnerable categories of citizens. For people with disabilities and others who have difficulties in the labor market, reservations (quotas) for at least 100,000 jobs are planned.
The program also pays attention to the importance of employment of graduates of educational institutions. More than 500,000 graduates of professional colleges are to be employed to the vacant and reserved positions. To this end, more than 90,000 companies and organizations of various sectors of the economy will be attached to professional colleges in a "college-to-business" scheme, and with an aim to reduce the search time of the young graduates around 900 job fairs will be organized in all major cities and regions. In addition, the program envisages to continue the practice of providing preferential micro loans to graduates of professional colleges and universities for organizing and running their own business enterprise.
Commercial banks are projected to allocate 5.1 trillion soums of credit to small business and private entrepreneurship, which will be directed primarily to finance projects aimed at creating jobs in remote rural areas and areas with higher unemployment figure.
According to the senators, the program is set to further encourage business people, development and expansion of farming(including poultry, fish farming, bee-keeping, processing and storage of agricultural and horticultural products, organization of greenhouses), as well as of manufacturing and social infrastructure.
The senators then discussed and approved a number of laws, prepared in execution of the Concept of further deepening democratic reforms and formation of civil society in the country.
Among them - the law of the Republic of Uzbekistan "On permission procedures in entrepreneurship activities", prepared to create single legislative framework of permission system, unification of conditions and order of permission procedures at state bodies, abolishment of red tape at permission procedures, ensure transparency, etc. In particular, it was noted that one of the main innovations of the law is the introduction of one stop shop principle at issuing permission documents. In line with one stop shop principle, business entities can receive permission documents at one point. In accordance with this principle in cases where the competent body, issuing permissive documents to the subject of entrepreneurship, requires other permissive documents, to be issued by other competent authorities, delivery of documents is carried out in a simplified manner in which the authorized agency receives the documents on their own, without the involvement of a business.
According to the senators, he law will allow to improve system of legal protection of small businesses, create favourable conditions for entrepreneurship, and ensure consistency and integrity of legal regulation of issues related to permission procedures.
Later on, senators considered the Law of the Republic of Uzbekistan "On normative-legal acts" in the new edition, aimed at further improvement of the legislative process, creating effective mechanisms of development of legal documents in line with international and national law-making practices. As noted, New edition of the law significantly differs from previous one both on volume and content. The law includes new articles and amends previous clauses.
According to the senators, adoption of the law will help to improve quality of law making process and responsibility of bodies, participating in law development process, effective execution of adopted laws.
Senators also considered the Law of the Republic of Uzbekistan "On the private banking and financial institutions and Safeguards", aimed at forming legislative base for creation of private banks and financial institutions, based on private property, expanding competition and improving services to clients, creating conditions for the development of a modern market infrastructure.
Senators noted that adoption of the law will help to create equal conditions of private banks and financial institutions, strengthen system of state for their activities, and ensure their sustainable and effective operations of financial-banking system in line with international standards and cooperation, as well as development of competition in the area.
The senators then considered the Law of the Republic of Uzbekistan "On investigative activity." During the discussion it was noted that the main purpose of the law is to create a legislative and legal basis for operational and investigative activities of law enforcement agencies, as well as real legal guarantees of the rule of law, the rights and freedoms of citizens in holding investigative activities.
As noted by the senators, the law will systematize existing standards embodied in a number of laws and regulations governing the investigative activity, improve the quality of preliminary investigation, the effectiveness of measures to prevent and combat crime in a timely manner, and contribute to the further democratization of the judicial system and the liberalization of the law enforcement agencies.
During the discussion of the Law of the Republic of Uzbekistan “On introduction of changes and amendments to laws “On elections to Oliy Majlis of Uzbekistan” and “On elections to regional, district and city Councils of People’s Deputies” in connection with further ensuring freedom of election and development of election legislation” the senators noted that introduction of changes are directed at improving efficient mechanism of ensuring equal rights to MPs, political parties to hold pre-election campaign.
According to members of the upper house of parliament, implementation of the law will ensure full execution of principle of election freedom, democratization of election system; strengthen principle of openness and transparency in preparation and organization of pre-election campaigns.
The senators then considered the Law of the Republic of Uzbekistan "On introduction of amendments and additions to some legislative acts of the Republic of Uzbekistan", designed to further improve the business environment, strengthen the legal protection of businesses, as well as reform of the judicial system.
The Law introduces a number of changes and additions to the Criminal Code, Criminal Procedure Code, Civil Code, Tax and Customs Code of the Republic of Uzbekistan, the Code of the Republic of Uzbekistan on administrative responsibility, the laws of the Republic of Uzbekistan "On the Central Bank of the Republic of Uzbekistan", "On agricultural cooperatives (shirkats)", "On state control of economic entities", "On competition","On investment activity", "On Telecommunications", "On execution of judicial acts and acts by other judicial bodies", "On limited liability and additional liability companies", "On copyright and related rights", "On microfinance", "On microcredit organizations".
During the discussion, Senators underlined that proposed changes and amendments envisage several novelties, directed at further improving legal guarantees of protection business entities, inspection of their activities by controlling bodies, ensuring development of microfinancing market, unifying taxation system, liberalization of criminal and criminal procedural legislation, improving traffic security.
On this the first day of the tenth plenary session of the Senate of the Republic of Uzbekistan closed.
Press service of the Senate of the Republic of Uzbekistan
Published: 06.12.2012 20:28:11